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Antiochiana

Preserving and recording our history is an essential element in building the future of Antioch College. Antiochiana began as a collection of historical artifacts gathered by College librarian Bessie Totten, Class of 1900, who served the College for 41 years. Among its impressive collection, Antiochiana includes the papers of Horace Mann and Arthur Morgan, used for academic research by scholars from around the world.

After more than a century, Antioch College remains committed to careful stewardship of this critical College resource. If you have questions regarding the archive or wish to support its preservation with the pledge of a capital or planned gift, please contact us at 937-286-5534.

Songs from the Stacks  News from Scott Sanders, Archivist


07.26.2012 Eero Saarinen, Birch Hall, and the Master Plan Eero Saarinen (1910–1961) was not yet the celebrated, controversial architect he would become when Antioch College engaged his firm to put together its first campus master plan in 1944. That year a fledgling Campus Planning Committee had concluded that the College required the services of an experienced reputable architect to help merge the many physical needs of a campus barely changed since its... › MORE


06.28.2012 The centerpiece of just about every Antioch College Reunion has been an evening meal usually accompanied by a speech. When Algo Henderson delivered the following address at the 1935 Alumni Dinner, he was concluding his second year as interim president—filling in for Arthur Morgan, who was away building dams for the Tennessee Valley Authority. Here one of the more articulate commentators ever on Antioch College addresses, among other subjects, the College... › MORE


05.31.2012 Credited directly to Danish pastor and philosopher Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig (1783–1872), the folk school model of adult education grew out of the French Revolution. Grundtvig was inspired by a report on public education written by the Marquis de Condorcet in 1792 that first advanced the concept of popular education, a movement that was part political and part pedagogical. The idea was to give the peasantry and other people from the lower echelons... › MORE


04.27.2012 Aaron Burt Champion and the Cincinnati Red Stockings Ohio’s own Aaron Burt Champion (1842–1895) entered the Preparatory Department of Antioch College in 1856 when Horace Mann was still its president. He left school in 1860 without a degree, though that did not prevent him from becoming a successful Cincinnati attorney in just a few short years. Champion’s meteoric rise in the legal world led to a life in baseball, by that time fast developing into the... › MORE


03.29.2012 Senator Arthur Brown, Class of 1862 Arthur Brown was born in Schoolcraft in Kalamazoo County, Michigan in 1843. He moved to Yellow Springs with his family when he was 13 years old so that his sisters—Marcia, Oella, and Olympia, could attend Antioch College—then one of the few schools open to both men and women. Arthur also attended Antioch, graduating in 1862. He earned a master’s degree at University of Michigan in 1864 and was admitted to the... › MORE


02.23.2012 Written nearly three months after H.L. Mencken penned a screed to him about Antioch College, Professor of History Hendrik Van Loon’s letter to his famously acerbic friend may not be in direct response, but it is the closest thing to it in the Antioch College Archives. From its disarming style, clearly Van Loon could be a lot of fun to be around, though he reveals a certain arrogance about him as well, perhaps one of the things that had infuriated his... › MORE


01.26.2012 HW Van Loon of the college faculty in the 1920s Among the first hires in the Arthur Morgan era, Professor Hendrik Willem Van Loon came to Antioch College to teach history in 1921. Born in the Netherlands in 1882, Van Loon came to the United States at 20 to enter Cornell University, ultimately earning a doctorate from the University of Munich in 1911. Despite his academic credentials, Van Loon's career in higher education would prove all too brief. As... › MORE


11.18.2011 Helen French Greene (1868-1952), who wrote the following for the Smith Alumnae Quarterly in 1928, was raised in Lowell, Massachusetts, where her father was minister of the Eliot Union Church. In 1870, the Rev. John Morton Greene influenced a wealthy widow, Sophia Smith, to endow a women’s college to be named in her honor. After graduating from Smith College in 1891 and earning a master’s degree there in 1901, she ran a settlement house in... › MORE


11.04.2011 Thomas and Mary Gove Nichols had managed to defeat Horace Mann at his own game—the war of words—and by early 1857 he represented a distinct minority opinion on the subject of whether they should be permitted to remain in Yellow Springs or not. Despite their victory, however,  before the season was out they would suspend operation of the Memnonia Institute, renounce their long held belief in free love, leave town and, ultimately, the... › MORE


10.23.2011 Following the withdrawal of William Hambleton from Antioch College in March 1856 over his association with Thomas and Mary Gove Nichols, reformer proprietors of the Memnonia Institute, and the subsequent dismissal of his classmate Jared Gage a few weeks later, Horace Mann's war with the Nichols' entered a new stage. Gage had taken up the mantle of bookseller vacated by Hambleton's departure, and had vouched for Dr. Nichols to the College... › MORE


10.07.2011 William Neal Hambleton of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, was already 32 years old when he entered the Antioch Preparatory Department in 1855. Prior to entering school, he'd been a farmer, cabinetmaker, and teacher. He was already a physician, a graduate of the American Hydropathic Institute that Thomas and Mary Gove Nichols had operated in Cincinnati previous to the establishment of the Memnonia Institute of Yellow Springs. As an adherent to the... › MORE


09.25.2011 Thomas and Mary Gove Nichols were already notorious for their reform activities when they issued the following prospectus in 1856 announcing their proprietorship of the Yellow Springs Water Cure. Water cure, also known as hydropathy, was a popular form of alternative medicine that employed techniques known today as homeopathic and followed regimens modern observers would recognize as wellness. Established in the South Glen near Yellow Springs in the... › MORE


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