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Preserving and recording our history is an essential element in building the future of Antioch College. Antiochiana began as a collection of historical artifacts gathered by College librarian Bessie Totten, Class of 1900, who served the College for 41 years. Among its impressive collection, Antiochiana includes the papers of Horace Mann and Arthur Morgan, used for academic research by scholars from around the world.

After more than a century, Antioch College remains committed to careful stewardship of this critical College resource. If you have questions regarding the archive or wish to support its preservation with the pledge of a capital or planned gift, please contact us at 937-286-5534.

Songs from the Stacks  News from Scott Sanders, Archivist

09.08.2011 Horace Mann’s adherence to and understanding of phrenology begins and ends with Britain’s greatest phrenologist, George Combe (1788-1858). Originally a lawyer by training, Combe had wide ranging interests typical of the virtuoso intellectualism of his day. Though not initially impressed by the tenets of phrenology, in 1816 he observed a dissection of the human brain by noted phrenologist Dr. Johann Spurzheim, and became a convert soon after... › MORE

08.25.2011 In his report on the first ever meeting of the Faculty of Antioch College, held in his parlor at West Newton, MA in November 1852, Horace Mann described the assembled as having “a most remarkable coincidence of opinion and sentiment among the persons present, not only as to theory, but in practical matters…we were all teetotalers; all anti-tobacco men; all anti-slavery men; a majority of us believers in phrenology…” Though long... › MORE

08.11.2011 Paid government witness Harvey Matusow had yet to admit his perjuries when a subcommittee of three from the the US House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities conducted hearings in downtown Dayton in September 1954. Within a year his revelations would become public, which probably should have ended HUAC's interest in Antioch College right then and there. Due to a variety of other voices calling for its investigation such as The... › MORE

07.28.2011 From the Department of Fame Is Fleeting, for about three years in the early 1950s, the name ‘Harvey Matusow’ was of the household variety. Beginning in the late 1940s, Harvey went from Army veteran to Communist party member to FBI informant to special investigator on youth communism for Senator Joseph McCarthy. In that capacity he managed to ruin around 200 lives by lying under oath about peoples’ ties to the Communist Party of the USA... › MORE

07.14.2011 Douglas McGregor of Detroit, Michigan, became the 13th president of Antioch College in 1948. One of the first ever industrial psychologists and a theorist of business management, he applied his training in psychology toward creating the most collaborative workplace possible. He inherited a college under fire from forces of anticommunism at a time when they were perhaps at their most powerful. By the early 1950s, investigation of so called Un-American... › MORE

06.30.2011 Once again “Songs” features the dulcet tones of Algo Henderson, 12th president of Antioch College. Here he defends the College against accusations that it promotes Communism. By 1946, when this statement was made in a joint session of the College Board of Trustees and the policy making body of its faculty called Administrative Council, he had become well practiced at it. Henderson first had to publicly refute these criticisms in 1940 when a... › MORE

06.16.2011 Meet Ralph Shupe, for most of his career a West Virginia radio newscaster, but for a brief time in 1954 the editor of a local weekly called The Yellow Springs American. The American was a reaction to liberalism in general and Antioch College in particular that began in 1953 under the auspices of a civic improvement organization to counter the progressive reputation of the Antioch College community. For most of its brief existence it reported the facts... › MORE

06.02.2011 Lucy Salisbury came to Antioch College as a new student the year that it opened for classes in 1853, but her education experienced such frequent interruption, probably due to financial reasons, that by 1860 she was still in the College’s preparatory program. There she met Myrick Hascall Doolittle, class of 1862, and the two married upon his graduation. Myrick would soon take a job with the United States Naval Observatory in Washington DC, then the... › MORE

05.23.2011 On Commencement Day in 1885, Antioch College dedicated a marble tablet to memorialize its students who had died in the American Civil War. The Hon. J. Warren Keifer, then just months removed from a four term hitch in the US Congress (one as Speaker of the House), gave the following dedicatory address. Keifer came from nearby Springfield, had briefly been a student in the 1850s, and was himself a veteran of the Union Army. He enlisted in April 1861 at... › MORE

05.06.2011 Lewis Montgomery Hosea was born in Montgomery, Alabama in 1842. He was raised in Cincinnati, Ohio where his father had established a successful grocery business, entering Antioch College in 1858. He was still a student in the Spring of 1861 when the American Civil War began. He left school to enlist as did so many Antiochians, joining the 6th Ohio Volunteer Regiment known as the “Guthrie Grays.” Hosea saw action in some of the most famous... › MORE

04.21.2011 The Rev. John Burns Weston spent much of his adult life at Antioch College. Admitted to its first college class in October of 1853, he was a member of its first graduating class in 1857 and joined its faculty soon after as principal of the Preparatory Dept. and professor of rhetoric, logic, and Greek. He served three interim presidencies over the course of his career, earning the nickname “Old Interregnum.” In 1881 he accepted an appointment... › MORE

04.07.2011 The March 14, 2011 issue of The New Yorker featured a long article by Harvard University history professor Jill Lepore on the pioneering American psychologist G. Stanley Hall and his studies on aging. Hall in recent years has become something of a whipping post in his field, and virtually all of his theories have been thoroughly discredited. Yet he remains a foundational figure in psychology. He was also once a member of the Antioch College faculty. In... › MORE